The Seventh Day Adventists and other Sabbath-keepers are right—keeping a day of worship, according to Scriptures. This is as long as they do so without considering what other people say or do, in their environments, citing clear scriptural references. This is noble and highly commendable.
However, this does not take away some truth in that Christians are not under the Law (Galatians 5:18). It is a question of knowing what a Christian is and what a Christian is not. Albeit, those despising Sabbath-keepers may actually be more in ignorance than those despised?
Sabbath-keeping was given as Law to the Israelites. This is as Sabbath-keeping is included in the Ten Commandments—requiring observance, when surviving in flesh. The apostle Paul was very clear on what it means to survive in the flesh, as compared with surviving in the spirit. Unfortunately, to survive in the flesh infers imprisonment, embracing death that humanity was subjected to, since Adam:
“For to set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit. If in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him” (Romans 8:6-9) (ESV).
The real challenge is in knowing what God’s Law entails. Indeed, the Law is necessary for humanity, formed in physical flesh, susceptible to sinfulness (Genesis 2:7). However, what was formed of the dust was not the image of God, as described in Genesis 1:26-27. It is important to keep this in mind. This is exactly where both Sabbath-keepers and non-Sabbath-keepers miss it—when engaging in arguments of this nature. See [Everything starts at the beginning—Part Two].
After God had formed Adam of the dust of the ground, He subjected him to the principle of Law-keeping: “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, ‘You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die’” (Genesis 2:16-17) (ESV).
The starting point is in appreciating the creation of humanity in Genesis 1:26-27. Everything created was pronounced as very good (Genesis 1:31). Everything else was created after its own kind. But humanity was created after God’s kind. One cannot understand humanity, before appreciating the significance of ‘God’s kind’. Adam was not created, but formed of the dust of the ground (Genesis 2:7).
If God is not flesh and blood, humanity—created in God’s kind—should not be flesh and blood. God is as free as not to be under any Law. Humanity—created in God’s kind—ought to be as free as not to be under any Law. If it is impossible for God to sin, it ought to be impossible for humanity to sin. Being in God’s kind implies that humanity ought to be as free as God is free.
However, Adam is of the soil: The personal name Adam is derived from the Hebrew noun ha adamah meaning “the ground” or “earth”. While God breathed the breath of life in Adam, whose formation is of mud, that mud could not be the likeness of God.
The Spirit of God was breathed into that lump of mud—as typified in human shape of Adam. That human shape should not be mistaken for God’s shape. The lump of mud in the shape of Adam, could not be God’s likeness. This is why to Adam, God later declared:
“Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you: in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field, By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return” (Genesis 3:17-19) (ESV).
The emphasis on this curse being on “….till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” Indeed, Adam was dust, and to dust he returned. All of us, regardless of race, are dust, and to dust we shall return.